Fat is an essential food class which originate from either plants or animals. Examples of fats originate from plants are palm oil, coconut oil, peanut oil, corn oil and olive oil.
Examples of fats originate from animals are butter and ghee.
Fats are organics compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.Fats can be classified into two types, namely saturated fats and unsaturated fats.
Saturated fats are found in animal products and processed foods, such as meats, dairy products, chips, and pastries. The chemical structure of a saturated fat is fully saturated with hydrogen atoms, and does not contain double bonds between carbon atoms. most saturated fats are solids at room temperature because they have higher melting points.
Unsaturated fat is a fat or fatty acid in which there is at least one double bond within the fatty acid chain. Most plant fats are unsaturated fats.The fatty acid with a single double bond is called mono unsaturated fatty acid (e.g. oleic acid), and if it has multiple double bonds, it’s polyunsaturated (e.g. linoleic acid). Unsaturated fats are liquids at room temperature due to their lower melting points. Fats liquid form are called oils.