- Found only in plants, the cell wall is made of cellulose (a polysaccharide).
- It’s found just outside the cell membrane and is permeable to most substances.
- It forms a rigid outer boundary and confers plant cells their unique shapes.
- Main function is to provide support and protection for the plant cell.
- Exists as a pair near the nucleus
- Plays a part in the separation of chromosomes during cell division.
- Organelles that can capture energy from sunlight and combine carbon dioxide and water to form glucose in a process called photosynthesis.
- Contains the green pigment chlorophyll.
- Consists of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) bound to proteins (found in the nucleus).
- During cell division, chromatin condenses to form distinct threadlike structures called chromosomes.
- Can be in a liquid (sol) state or semi-solid (gel) state.
- The site for most of the chemical activities of the cell