Flowers are the plant’s reproductive structures.
FLOWER PART – (Form and Function )
Peduncle – Flower stalk.
Receptacle – Part of flower stalk bearing the floral organs, at base of flower.
Sepal – leaf-like structures at flower base, protects young flower bud.
Calyx – All the sepals together form the calyx.
Petal – Located in and above the sepals, often large and colourful, sometimes scented, Often serve to attract
pollinators to the plant.
Corolla – All the petals together form the corolla.
Stamen – Male part of the flower, consisting of the anther and filament, makes pollen grains.
Filament – The stalk of the stamen which bears the anther.
Anther – The pollen bearing portion of a stamen.
Pollen – Grains containing the male gametes. Immature male gametophyte with a protective outer covering.
Carpel\Pistil – Female part of the flower. Consisting of the stigma, style and ovary.
Stigma – Often sticky top of carpel, serves as a receptive surface for pollen grains.
Style – The stalk of a carpel, between the stigma and the ovary, through which the pollen tube grows.
Ovary – Enlarged base of the carpel containing the ovule or ovules. The ovary matures to become a fruit.
Ovule – Located in the ovaries. Carries female gametes. Ovules become seeds on fertilization.